Numerous museums with various collections reflect peculiarities of public and cultural development in Uzbekistan. Museums play not only an educational role, but also they are an active tool in upbringing the young generation in the spirit of love for the Homeland, as well as true pride of the great ancestors. Indeed, museums are good tool to learn cultural, historical, and art heritage, as well as universal values. Also, they are quite useful in terms of studying the monuments of history, science, religions and faiths of peoples, their traditions and way of life, as well as works of art.
The Uzbek government pays enormous attention towards development of museums and restoration of unique monuments. The vivid example is the creation of Museum of History of the Temur dynasty, which has caused admiration not only for its general exhibits, but also architectural decoration and art design of the building itself.
There are different kind of museums in Uzbekistan, The most common ones are museums of local lore and art. There are three large preservation museums in Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva, and three large art museums: the State Arts Museum in Tashkent with a beautiful collection of works of fine and applied arts. The museum is regarded as the national treasury of Uzbekistan; the State Museum of National and Applied Arts in Tashkent with the unique collection of works of national applied arts. The architecture of building itself is another story to be told endlessly. It is a perfect example of the Uzbek monumental and decorative art. Best national foremen are said to have taken part in the decoration works of the building. The museum is a constant participant of international museum fairs; and the Savitsky State Arts Museum in Nukus with a vast collection of best examples of both Uzbek and Russian fine arts, as well as rare collection of the Kara-Kalpak applied arts. There are lecture halls and other educational facilities for students at the museum.
The Museum of Nature in Tashkent has already been operating for more than 120 years. There is a collection of nearly 1,5 million exhibits, which shed light on the topics such as emergence of the Earth and other planets around the Sun, genetics and selection, natural and cultural landscapes of the country, and others.
One of the oldest museums in the country is the Museum of History of the Peoples of Uzbekistan. It is the largest treasury of exhibits of history and culture. Apart from that, its collection includes exhibits pertaining to the ancient settlement of Teshiktosh of the Paleolithic period and bronze tools of the Chust bronze period. Among exhibits of the museum, there are household items, national clothing, picture of historical figures, as well as other documents. Besides, the research is usually carried out at the museum on the study of national history.
There is a huge collection of books and other manuscripts preserved at the Alisher Navoi State Museum of Literature. The collection of the museum also includes numerous exhibits that shed light on the life and literary activity of Alisher Navoi, the person who has largely contributed to the development of early Uzbek poetry and literature, and one of the greatest personalities in the history of humankind.
The Museum of Health Care of Uzbekistan propagates successes in the country in the field of medicinal sciences and health care, respectively. Besides, visitors of the museum can learn about the history of disease prevention practice and hygiene, ecology in the country, and other related issues. Also, the Museums of Olympic Glory, Military and labor, as well as Cinema are established in Tashkent. Many exhibits at these museums are on display throughout the year.
In addition, there are memorial house museums of U. Tansikboev, S. Yesenin, M. Ashrafy, Yu. Rajaby, S. Borodin, M. Turgunboeva, and Tamara Khonim. There are different kind of museums are established throughout the nation. Museums in provinces, cities, and towns carry out their own research in the history of locality, its wildlife, flora and fauna. For example, there are small art galleries in Angren, Boysun, Syrdarya, and Urgench.
Besides, along with research carried out in the field, there are various field trips, educational lectures, meetings with renowned people, literary gatherings, and quizzes are held at museums throughout the country. There is a scientific program has been worked out jointly by the "Oltin Meros" ('The golden heritage') International Charity Foundation of the Uzbek Ministry of Culture and Academy of Arts of Uzbekistan. The special scientific quarterly 'The echo of history" is published in the country in three languages - Uzbek, Russian, and English - to promote achievements in Uzbekistan in the sphere of culture.
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