Uzbekistan Travel

Uzbekistan - Decorative-applied Arts

A remarkable hereditary artist A. Rakhimov works in Tashkent, the son of another famous ceramic-artist of Uzbekistan, M. Rakhimov. He produces various wares in the style of the Temur era, Kashgar locality, and the Samarkand ceramics. His works represent the whole reflection of rich technological experience gained by Uzbek national foremen.

Toys made of earthen - the main attribute of the ancient religious rituals - are also revived. However, this kind of handicraft, which was inherent to Bukhara school of ceramics, has practically ceased to exist.

Engraving. Modern foremen, who work with a brass and copper, manufacture high quality products of engraving. A subtlety and wealth of patterns are inherent in the ware by the Bukhara foremen. Most of the Bukhara craftsmen were students of the famous national engraver S. Khamidov, who used to revive the art of metal engraving in Bukhara in the early 60s. Today they work in the workshop named after Usto Khamidov. Alongside the use of traditional forms of products, now foremen search for new forms and styles in the field. Thus, they make trays and dishes, frequently depicting images of famous monuments of the Bukhara architecture. Some forms of household ware are already out of use, for example, traditional hand-washers used in the Orient, namely "dastshu", but craftsmen are still producing them. Due to their wonderful design, these products became a wonderful souvenir.

Jugs by the Bukhara artist, Sh. Ibodov, made by way of forging and engraving went on display in exhibitions in Khiva, Almaty, and Bishkek.

Wood engraving. Masters of wood engraving in Kokand National Heritage Center of the "Oltin meros" Fund use oak and nut trees. Creating traditional products common in the East (caskets, bookshelves, and carved tables), they generously transfer rich traditions of geometrical ornaments.

Gold embroider. Traditional center of this kind of craft is Bukhara, Today embroidery art is popular among the younger generation, as well. The foremen produce goods in the best traditions of the Bukhara gold embroidery.

Embroidery. Traditional centers of manufacturing of suzana are: Nurata, Bukhara, Samarkand, Shakhrisabz, Tashkent, and Ferghana. Many young artists have become interested in these kinds of art, This is, not casual - as if creative energy in the people has woken up, by feeling an opportunity of practical realization and material effect, which in its turn led to the flourishing of many kinds of traditional arts.

Dolls. Manufacturing of dolls is one of the practically lost and revived arts. In recent history, theatrical presentations of dolls were the favorite entertainment of both village and town dwellers.

Dolls in national costumes are not just Uzbek national toys, but valuable Uzbek souvenirs, as well, They represent various national types of heroes or literary products. The doll masters of Bukhara study a history of a Bukhara costume, use traditional technology of tailoring, embroidery, and the Bukhara karakul fur.

Carpeting. Now manufacturing of carpets in Uzbekistan develops in three directions: homemade, state, and private companies. Homemade carpets are produced in the Ferghana and Nurata valleys, Kashkadarya, Surkhandarya, Syrdarya provinces, and Karakalpakstan. Centers on manufacture and sales of carpets are also developed in Samarkand, Urgut, Kokand, and Khorezm. Carpet masters produce all kinds of carpets in these provinces.

The State association "Usto" and the republican industrial center of ancient and applied art, "Musavvir", carry out large scientific and practical works on restoration of ancient drawings and technologies.

The Khiva factory is widely known for its fine carpets, which may highlight any modern collection. Factory expands its capacity with manufacturing portrait carpets, the tradition known in the Orient since medieval times.

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