Uzbekistan Travel

Uzbekistan - Tashkent Province

Established: 1938
Area: 15,6 thousand sq. km.
Population: 2384,6 thousand

It is the most developed industrial province in the country. It is located in northeastern part of Uzbekistan, between the Tian Shan Mountain Ranges. There are 15 districts in the province - Okkurghon, Okhangaron, Bekobod, Bostonlik, Buka, Zangiota, Kibray, Kuyichirchik, Parkent, Pskent, Tashkent, Urtachirchik, Chinoz, Yukorichirchik, Yangiyul; 17 towns -Angren, Bekobod, Buka, Ghazalkent, Keies, Okkurghon, Okbangaron, Obnalyk, Parkent, Pskent, Soldatsky, Tashkent, Toytepa, Chinoz, Chirchik Yangiobod, and Yangiyid; 18 town-type-settlements, and 146 villages. Administrative center of the province is Tashkent city (2156,3 thousand people).

Agriculture: cotton, grapes and grain cultivation, horticulture, poultry and cattle farming, as well as the silkworm breeding.
Industry: metallurgy, machinery, power production, chemical, textile, and food industries.

The northern and northeastern part of the province is occupied by the Chatkol mountain ranges - Kurama, Pskent, and Ugam peaks. The highest points of the province are the Adelunga summit (4301 m) and Beshtor peak (4229 m) of the Pskem ranges. The substantial parts of the province in the south and southwest are foothill flatlands (400-600 m above sea level).

The climate is continental, the winter is humid but relatively mild and the summer is hot and dry. The period from April to May is warm, The average temperature in July is 26,8 above zero and in January the temperature falls to 1,3 degrees below zero. In July and August there might be sharp fluctuations of temperature reaching 43 degrees above zero.

The Syr Darya is the main river. There are two tributaries - Chirchik and Okhangaron - joining the river. Okhangaron is a relatively peaceful river in summer, but it is unpredictable in spring, oftentimes it washes out its banks and everything along its path. Both of these rivers start in the foothills of the western Tian Shan Mountains. There are the Chatkol, Pskem, and Ugam Mountain Ranges in the eastern and northeastern parts of the province. The famous Chatkol Mountain and Forest National Wildlife Park is located in the Chatkol mountain ranges. Valleys located in between these ranges create very picturesque scenes. The Ugam, Chotkol, Pskem and Koksu Rivers cross these valleys making the panorama more gorgeous.

The valleys are planted with oaks, wild grapes, pistachios, and peanut trees. Bostonlyk, located 60km to the northeast of Tashkent is especially beautiful. It has a warm and soft climate with lots of rain. Bostonlik is one of the best resorts in Uzbekistan, with mountain camps and resorts such as "Cbimiyon" "Burchmulla", "Bogustan", "Khumson", and "Aktash". The province is very rich in natural resources. There are large deposits of coal, molybdenum, zinc, gold, silver, copper and other rare metals. Large deposits of mineral and thermal water are also found in the province.

Just like the rest of northeastern part of Uzbekistan, the province is located in a seismically active zone. There were very strong earthquakes in Tashkent in 1868 and 1966. The convenient location on the crossroads of trade routes, ideal climate and high concentration of population has made the Tashkent oasis as one of the main industrial centers of the country. The province has the most developed industry in the country. All of the heavy metallurgy industry and a major part of the non-ferrous metallurgy enterprises are located here. Machinery, chemical, food and construction material industries are well developed, The Bekobod metallurgical plant, the Olmalyk mining and smelting plant, the Chirchik power chemical plant, and the Yangivul biochemical plant are some examples of leading industries in the province.

More than 250 state enterprises, 45 joint ventures and 2632 small and 328 cooperative enterprises are operating in the province. The agriculture is also well developed. Its main branches are cotton cultivation and cocoon production, Potatoes, grain, grapes, rice, and fruit are also cultivated. The province is the only place in the area to cultivate ambary - a plant out of which rope is made. Livestock farming is well developed in the mountains, half desert and desert areas of the province. Railroads and automobile roads cross the territory of the province contributing to the intense international and interstate economic activity.

The total length of the railroad network is 354,2 km. Automobile roads are 6,600 km long, 5,900 km of which is covered with asphalt. The Tashkent province has a well-developed cultural and educational network. There are specialized research institutes such as the Scientific Research Institute for Gardening, Winery, and Cotton Selection, the Seed Developing Institute, the Central Asian Scientific Research Institute of the Silkworm Breeding, and more.

There are 894 general schools, gymnasiums, lyceum, specialized musical, and sporting schools. More than 800 mass libraries, 3 theaters, 10 clubs, 212 movie theaters, and 6 museums operate in the province. Also, there are 141 healthcare establishments and sanatoriums, as well as 8 rest homes. Most of the cities of Tashkent province have encircled the capital of the country. One of such major cities is Chirchik. It is located 32 km away from Tashkent to the northeast. It is one of major centers of chemical, machinery and electricity industry of Uzbekistan.

Thirty km to the southwest of Tashkent is the city of Yangiyul, a city with advanced agriculture. Uzbekistan 's largest candy factory is located in this city. A winery, oil and canning factories are among the leading industries in the city. The city is well decorated and planted with trees. The cities of Angren, Olmalyk, and Okhangaron are located to the east of Tashkent, in the valley of Okhangaron. Those are typical industrial cities erected next to coal deposits, non-ferrous metals, and construction materials.

Tashkent Internet Reseources

Tashkent Hotels - Photos and information about hotels in Tashkent
Tashkent - City guide