Uzbekistan Travel

Uzbekistan - Navoi Province

Established: 1982
Area: 111, 0 thousand sq. km
Population: 794,1 thousand

Navoi is the largest province in Uzbekistan. It is larger than all provinces, except the Republic of Karakalpakstan. The province is located in the central part of the country. There are 8 rural districts in the province - Konimekh, Kyzyltepa, Navbakhor, Navoi, Nurota, Tomdi, Uchkuduk, and Khatirchi; 6 towns - Zarafshon, Carmana, Kyzyltepa, Navoi, Nurota, and Uchkuduk; 8 town-type-settlements - Ghazgon, Konimekh, Langar, Malikrobol, Muruntau, Tinchlik, Shalkar, and Yangirabot, as well as 53 villages. City of Navoi is the administrative center of the province (509 km away from Tashkent, population -120, 600).

Agriculture: cotton, grain crops, horticulture, karakul sheep farming, vegetables, and cocoon production.
Industry: electricity, mining, construction materials, gold mining.

The Kyzyl Kum Desert covers the northwestern part of the province. The Nurata Mountain Ranges make up the eastern walls of the province while the Zarafshon River crosses it in the south. The climate is continental. There are tungsten, phosphorus, quartz, and limestone deposits in the province. Also, there is a gold extraction industry next to the gold deposits.

The major industries are electricity, chemical, cotton processing industries, textile, food factories, and construction plants. The major industrial enterprises are the Navoi Mining Metallurgical Plant, Navoi Hydro Electricity Plant, "Navoiazot", "Elektrokhimiya" and "Nurotamarmar" joint-stock companies. There is an Uzbek-American gold mining joint venture, namely Zarafshon-Newmont. Others include 60 state industrial enterprises, 10 joint ventures, as well as 728 small and 30 cooperative enterprises.

The province produces more than 500,000 karakul pelts ranking second in karakul pelt production in Uzbekistan, Bukhara being the first. There are more than 2648 farmers in the province. The total length of the railroad network is 390,7 km. The automobile roads make up more than 4,000 km, 3,300 km of which is covered with asphalt. The Tashkent - Turkmenistan, Tashkent-Uchkuduk railway lines cross the province.

There are 362 schools in addition to lyceums, special sporting and music schools, as well as branches of the Tashkent State Pedagogical University and the Tashkent State Technical University. More than 120 clubs, 73 film studios. 291 libraries, 2 museums and 61 healthcare establishments serve the public in the province. More than 2,000 doctors and 8,000 medical personnel are responsible for the public health.

Navoi is a relatively young city in the Zarafshon Valley. It is a city in the middle of a desert where new technologies are currently used to maintain an appropriate living climate. There are many trees in the city, as well as shady squares and fountains.

In the middle of the Kyzyl Kum Desert, atop the non-ferrous metal deposits, there are two other contemporary cities, Zarafshon and Uchkuduk. The water pipelines bring water from the Amu Darya River to provide the city with water, There are artificial lakes in Zarafshon and Navoi, used for recreational purposes.